Charles A. Lindbergh
Born 1902, Michigan
Died 1974, Maui
… If I take the wings of the morning,
and dwell in the innermost parts of the sea.
C. A. L.
The unadorned, flat-to-the-ground gravestone of
Charles A. Lindbergh. He died of cancer on the island of Maui, Hawaii, on
26 August 1974. He was buried three hours later in simple work clothes.
Sacrifices must be made.
Otto Lilienthal, one of the main sources of
inspiration for the Wright brothers. Widely cited in books and elsewhere as being said after a glider crash that took his life the next day, 10 August 1896. The original German is, “Opfer mussen gebracht werden”, and that is certainly what’s on his gravestone:
But the full history is more complex. He did suffer a glider crash on Sunday 9 August 1896. His mechanic and assistant Paul Beylich ran to him in the wreckage, where Otto reportedly said, “What happened? … I’ll relax a bit, and we’ll continue.” But he was paralyzed from the waist down, and soon transported to a clinic in Berlin, where he died the next day. An 11 August 1896 story in the New York Journal newspaper quotes his last words as:
“Mine is the true inventor’s death. I am satisfied to die in the interest of science.”
But that account appears nowhere else and has no attribution. A letter to the journal Nature a few weeks later, describing Otto’s death by his friends Alard du Bois-Reymond and Carl Runge makes no mention of any last words.
Lilienthal did say the sacrifices phrase several times during his life. So how did it get attributed to the day before he died? It was much later, in a 1930 book The Lilienthals by his daughter Anna and brother Gustav, that the now famous words are first cited in this context. And the phrase wasn’t placed over his grave until 1940.
Higher, ever higher.
Georges Chavez, last words after crashing his Bleriot airplane on a trailblazing flight over the Alps, September 1910. In orignal Spanish: “Arriba, siempre arriba." His words became the motto of the Peruvian Air Force.
What’s the hurry? Are you afraid I won’t come back?
Manfred von Richthofen, 'The Red Baron', reportedly last recorded words, laughing in reply to a request for an autograph as he was climbing into the cockpit of his plane. He was shot down and died on that mission, morning of 21 April 1918.
When I go, I’d like best to go in my plane, quickly.
Amlia Earhart. Last Flight, 1937.
I have a feeling that there is just about one more good flight left in my system and I hope this trip is it. Anyway when I have finished this job, I mean to give up long-distance stunt flying.
Amelia Earhart, departing from Los Angeles, California, for Florida on 21 May 1937. Start of her last flight.
We are on the line of position 157-337 … We are running north and south.
Amelia Earhart, last received radio transmission, while searching for Howland Island, morning of 2 July 1937.
Do you hear the rain? Do you hear the rain?
Jessica Dubroff, seven-year-old pilot speaking to her mother by telephone as the engines revved for takeoff, she (and her flight instructor) crashed minutes later in rough weather, 1996. The Federal Aviation Regulations were later changed to stop such dubious record flights by small children.
Did he not clear the runway … that Pan American?
Flight Engineer William Schreuder, KLM, 27 March 1977, just prior to the worst aviation crash ever, the collision of two B-747’s on the ground in the Canary Islands.
Hey - what's happening here?
Captain Robert Loft, Eastern Air Lines flight 401, 29 December 1972. Last recorded words before crashing into the Florida everglades.
God, look at that thing!
That don’t seem right, does it?
That's not right.
First Officer Roger Pettit, during takeoff roll, Air Florida Flight 90, 1982.
Larry! we’re going down, Larry!
I know it.
First Officer Roger Pettit and Captain Larry Wheaton, last words recorded on Air Florida Flight 90, close to the 14th Street Bridge Washington D.C., 1982.
How do you expect to get us to the Moon if you people can’t even hook us up with a ground station?
Gus Grissom, radio transmission expressing frustration with NASA commuication equipment during the plugs out test of the Apollo 1 spacecraft, 27 January 1967.
We've got a bad fire— let’s get out … we’re burning up.
Roger Chaffee, last recorded words Apollo 1 test. Gus Grissom and Ed White were also killed, trapped capsule on the ground. 27 January 1967.
CAPCOM Richard Covey:
Challenger Houston, you are go at Throttle Up.
Cmdr. Dick Scobee: Roger Houston, Go at Throttle Up.
Pilot Mike Smith: uh-oh …
Last words recorded from Space Shuttle Challenger before exploding 74 seconds into its flight, 28 January 1986.
Obviously a major malfunction.
Stephen A Nesbitt, NASA Public Affairs Officer, live on air, just moments after the Space Shuttle Challenger exploded, 28 January 1986.
CAPCOM Charlie Hobaugh: Columbia, Houston. We see your tire
pressure message and we did not copy your last.
Cmdr. Rick Husband: Roger. Uh …
Last words recorded from Space Shuttle Columbia, 08:00 Houston time 1 February 2003.
Columbia, Houston, UHF comm. check.
CAPCOM Lt. Col. Charlie Hobaugh, transmitting in the blind on the UHF back-up radio system. Started about 3 minutes after the shuttle data stream stopped, and repeated several times. 1 February 2003.
The cause in which they died will
continue. Mankind is led into the darkness beyond our world by the
inspiration of discovery and the longing to understand. Our journey into
space will go on.
In the skies today we saw destruction and tragedy. Yet farther than we can see there is comfort and hope. In the words of the prophet Isaiah, “Lift your eyes and look to the heavens. Who created all these? He who brings out the starry hosts one by one and calls them each by name. Because of His great power and mighty strength, not one of them is missing.”
The same Creator who names the stars also knows the names of the seven souls we mourn today. The crew of the shuttle Columbia did not return safely to Earth; yet we can pray that all are safely home.
President George W. Bush, address to the nation from the Cabinet Room, following the destruction on re-entry of the Space Shuttle Colombia, 14:04 EST 1 February 2003.
Portland Tower, United 173, Mayday! we’re … the engines are flaming out — we’re going down. we’re not going to be able to make the airport.
First Officer Rodrick Beebe. The DC-8 was ran out of fuel in an accident that started the assertiveness training that is now part of Crew Resource Management (CRM). 28 December 1978.
American 191 under way.
Captain Walter Lux, American Airlines. Last recorded words. 25 May 1979.
American 191, do you want to come back? If so, what runway do you want?
ORD tower controller after seeing the the entire left engine and pylon of the DC-10 came off at rotation. The crippled plane crashed 30 seconds later. 25 May 1979.
I don’t like this
Flight Engineer Gordon Brooks, Air New Zealand 901, last recorded words before the Ground Proximity Warning System (GPWS) alerted. The DC-10 crashed into the side of Mt. Erebus 26 seconds later. 28 November 1979.
Go-around power please
Captain Jim Collins, Air New Zealand 901, last recorded words. 28 November 1979.
Yes — don’t worry.
Captain Michel Asseline, Air France, last recorded words, in reply to copilot Captain Pierre Mazieres alerting him to watch out for the pylons ahead. Ten seconds later the A-320 crashed into trees during an airshow. 26 June 1988.
First Officer Josef Thurner, Air Lauda 004, last recorded words during ‘impossible‘ in-flight deployment of the B-767’s thrust reverser. 26 May 1991.
Why is it turning … Yes it is.
El'dar Kudrinsky, the 15 year old son of the captain of Aeroflot 593. he had earlier asked, “May I turn this — the control wheel — a bit,” and had disconnected part of the autopilot. An action unnoticed by the adult flight crew. Last recorded words, 22 march 1994
Critter five-ninety-two, we need the, uh, closest airport available.
First Officer Richard Hazen, ValuJet 592, last recorded words before crashing into the Everglades due to massive in-flight fire. 11 May 1996.
Halifax Terminal ATC: Swissair one eleven just a couple of miles I’ll be right with you.
Swissair 111: Roger. [sound of autopilot being disconnected] And we are declaring emergency now, Swissair one eleven.
Halifax Terminal ATC: Copy that. Swissair one eleven you are cleared to, ah, commence your fuel dump on that track and advise me, ah, when the dump is complete.
Swissair 111: [unintelligible]
Captain Urs Zimmermann and pilot Stephan Loew, Swissair 111, last recorded words before crashing off the coast of Nova Scotia, 2 September 1998.
Too late. No time, no.
Captain Christian Marty, Air France 4590 Concorde, last recorded words. ATC had just warned, “Concorde zero … 4590, You have flames. You have flames behind you.” 25 July 2000.
Hang onto it. Hang onto it.
Captain Edward States, last recorded words, American Airlines Flight 587, from New York’s JFK to the Dominican Republic. 09:15 Eastern, 12 November 2001.
I’ve never seen icing conditions. I’ve never deiced. I’ve never seen any — I’ve never experienced any of that. I don’t want to have to experience that and make those kinds of calls. you know I’d've freaked out. I’d've have like seen this much ice and thought oh my gosh we were going to crash.
First Officer Rebecca Shaw, 22:12:05 EST, less than five minutes before forty-nine people in the Dash 8 Q400 aircraft and one person on the ground died. Colgan Air, d.b.a. Continental Connection, flight 3407 crash on approach to Buffalo, NY. NTSB CVR Factual Report DCA09MA027. 12 February 2009.
I’ve got a problem [uttered at an altitude of 3,000 feet
while in an inverted flat spin]
I’ve really got a problem [at an altitude of 1,500 feet].
Art Scholl, last recorded words before fatal crash while filming a stunt sequence for the 1986 movie Top Gun. It is speculated that camera equipment affixed to the plane altered its weight and balance envelope, making recovery from the flat spin impossible. The film is dedicated to his memory, which you can see if you sit through all the credits.
Yes I will succeed and I’ll make some money, unless I break my neck.
Eugéne Lefebvre, just before his fatal crash in a Wright Flyer, quoted in Le Petit Parisien, 9 September 1909.
Ma, I love ya.
Last recorded words from PSA 182, after a fatal
mid-air over the airliner with a Cessna over San Diego, 25 September 1978. The unidentified
voice was one of the pilots, the flight engineer, or a company pilot
riding the jumpseat.
The most frequent last words I have heard on cockpit voice-recorder tapes are, ‘Oh Shit,’ said with about that much emotion. There’s no panic, no scream, it’s a sort of resignation: we’ve done everything we can, I can’t think of anything else to do and this is it.
Attributed to Frank McDermott, partner in McDermott Associates, specialists in cockpit voice recorders.
Tawakalt ala Allah.
Gamil El-Batouti, EgyptAir Flight 990 co-pilot, he repeated the phrase — English translation is I rely on God — eleven times while shutting off the Boeing 767’s engines and pushing the jet into a fatal dive, source NTSB, 31 October 1999.
What’s happening, Gamil? What’s happening?
What is this? What is this? Did you shut the engines?
Pull. Pull with me. Pull with me. Pull with me.
Captain Ahmed Mahmoud El Habashy, EgyptAir flight 990, last words, on returning to the cockpit, source NTSB, 13:50 EST 31 October 1999.
There is nothing on the cockpit voice recorder or the flight data recorder to indicate that Flight 990 was intentionally crashed into the ocean.
Shaker Kelada, EgyptAir’s Vice-President for safety, reported in Al-Ahram Weekly, Cairo, 17 August 2000.
Concorde zero, four-five-nine-zero. You have flames, you have flames behind you.
Air Traffic Controller Gilles Logelin, first words spoken on radio of trouble with Air France 4590, Concorde F-BTSC. Charles de Gaulle Airport, Paris, 16:43 local time, 25 July 2000.
Negative, we’re trying Le Bourget.
First Officer Jean Marcot, last recorded words (translated into English) in the cockpit of Air France 4590, Concorde F-BTSC. Suffered FOD impact on the runway causing an in-flight fire and loss of control. La Patte d’Pie in Gonesse, 16:44 local time, 25 July 2000.
I want to go in the air, not a bathtub.
A. Scott Crossfield. Quoted by the Washington
Post as saying this the day before his fatal flight, in Clues Surface
in Death of Expert Pilot, published September 16, 2007. He had written
many years before in 1960 that:
“Death is the handmaiden of the pilot, sometimes it comes by accident, sometimes by an act of God.”
Scott’s last recorded words, on the 19 April 2006 flight, were calmly spoken:
“Atlanta, this is Seven Nine X-ray. I’d like to deviate south. Weather.”.
If I die, I want everyone to be happy, to celebrate life, not just my life but your own life. And to laugh and enjoy life to the fullest and do what they love to do.
Shane McConkey, professional skier, BASE jumper and wingsuit flier. Conversation with Miles Daisher, a fellow member of the Red Bull Air Force, a few weeks before his 26 March 2009 death in a wingsuit accident. Reported in Outside magazine July 2009.
Well, no, you can see the ground … You can see something. Maybe there won’t be a tragedy.
Major Robert Grzywna, second pilot (F/O) of the Polish Air Force Tu-154M that crashed in known fog close to Smolensk, Russia, killing all 96 onboard including President Lech Kaczynski, spoken to the chief of protocol. Orignal Polish: “Nie, no ziemie widac — Cos tam widac — Moze nie bedzie tragedii.” The flight crew then tried to land, descending confidently into woods a half-mile from the runway, ignoring warnings from the GPWS. The cockpit was calm until the moment the plane hit a tree and flipped over. The last words on the recording are screamed obscenities. 10 April 2010.
All right, good night.
Last known transmission, Malaysia Airlines flight 370, to Malaysian ATC. 01:19 local time 8 March 2014.
For God’s sake, open the door!
Captain Patrick Sondheimer, Germanwings 9525, 10:32 local time, 24 March 2015.
Two Echo X-Ray, you’re still too low level for flight following at this time.
Southern California ATC, last recorded transmission to N72EX, a Sikorsky S-76B helicopter, before it apparently crashed killing all nine people onboard, including basketball great Kobe Bryant. 26 January 2020.
Please accept my sincere thanks for your recent letter and for the
enclosure describing the Sao Paulo helicopter rescues. I had it read
to me (my eyesight has failed to such an extent that I can no longer read)
and found it interesting indeed.
I always believed that the helicopter would be an outstanding vehicle for the greatest variety of life-saving missions and now, near the close of my life, I have the satisfaction of knowing this has proved to be true.
Igor Sikorsky, letter to Jerome Lederer of the Flight Safety Foundation, 25 October 1972. It is the last letter dictated and signed by Mr. Sikorsky. He died the next day, at age 84. This is the file copy held by the Sikorky Archives: